Disabilities over the Elderly Ecuadorian Population
Eva Maria Mera Intriago, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona and Escuela Superior Politécnica del Litoral, Guayaquil-Ecuador
Amando Blanes, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
Antonio D. Cámara, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
The year 2010 Ecuador held its last national census; among the questions that appeared in the census form were three designed to measure the prevalence of various type of disabilities affecting the population of that country. The main purpose of this investigation is, using the 2010 census as source of data, analyse and get conclusions about the type of discapacities affecting older people , more than sixty years old ; inserting these results as part of the health transition and considering it, as a process that includes the epidemiological transition and the last one, including the demographic transition. For each type of disabilities, rates of incidence are calculated in terms of age, sex and some other social and demographic characteristics such as ethnicity, education,marital status,place of residence,employment and social security. Besides this, the results of a multivariate logistic model are presented; the model explains de presence of disabilities in terms of the characteristics previously stated.