Child Labour and Contextual Effects: An Ethnic-Racial Differentiation for Cali, Colombia
Ana M. Osorio, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Cali
Bladimir Carabalí, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Cali
Luis Fernando Aguado, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Cali
The persistence of child labour has created several declarations of the United Nations that invite all countries of the world to the construction of public policies to eliminate this scourge. This research aims to explore individual and contextual determinants of child labour, as well as to identify differences by ethnic-racial status in Cali-Colombia. Contextual effects are measured using logistic multilevel modeling. The data are drawn from the Cali 2013 Employment and Quality of Life Survey (EQLS). This research contributes to the empirical literature on child labour to the extent that seeks to incorporate contextual factors such as the presence of sports centers, libraries, violence and the average level of education in the commune (administrative subdivisions in Cali), which have been little explored. We expect that the results of this study shed lights on new public policy strategies for the reduction of child labor in the city of Cali.