Christian-Muslim Disparity in Contraceptive Use in Nigeria

Ann Herbert, Johns Hopkins University

Background: Nigeria is a religious country evenly split between Muslims and Christians. Though religion is often a determinant of fertility, little is known about Nigerian Muslim-Christian fertility differences. Objectives: To test for religious differences in odds of current modern contraceptive use (CMCU) and examine whether these differences vary by region. Methodology: Multiple logistic regression was used to determine Muslim-Christian differences in odds of CMCU. An interaction term for religion and region (north/south) was included in the model to test whether differences varied by region. Results: In the southern region, the difference in odds of CMCU is non-existent (OR: 1.04; 95% CI: 0.90-1.21; p=.582), while in the north, the odds ratio of CMCU by religion is quite high, at 3.77 (95% CI: 2.76-5.15; p=.000). Conclusion: In the north, Christians have significantly higher odds of CMCU compared to Muslims while in the south there is no difference between the two groups.

  See extended abstract

Presented in Poster Session 7: Family Planning, Sexual Behavior, and Reproductive Health